Retreat Plantation - Beaufort Beaufort County South Carolina SC

Retreat Plantation – Beaufort – Beaufort County



House at Retreat Plantation - Beaufort County, South Carolina
— Retreat Plantation House © Brandon Coffey
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Basic Information

  • Location – Battery Creek (a branch of the Beaufort River), Port Royal Island Beaufort, St. Helena Parish, Beaufort County

    Located off SC 280 at 130 Pinckney Retreat Road

  • Origin of name – ?

  • Other names – Pinckney Retreat when the Pinckney family owned it in the late 1900s (1)

  • Current status – House is a community clubhouse for Pinckney Retreat, a private housing community (1)

Yard at Retreat Plantation - Beaufort County, South Carolina
— Yard at Retreat Plantation © Brandon Coffey
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Timeline

  • 1736 – Earliest known date of existence

  • 1736 – House built using tabby construction by Jean de la Gaye for his wife Catherine Gautier (1).

  • 1769 – de la Gaye returned to France (2, p. 110).

  • ? – Stephen Bull would be Retreat's next owner, purchasing the plantation at auction (2, p. 108).

  • ? – Bull quickly regreted the purchase as he already owned so much land in the lowcountry. He happened upon John Barnwell and asked if he wouldn't like to have Retreat. Retreat would remain in the Barnwell family until the 1939 (2, p. 108).

  • Reverend Edward T. Walker, his wife Ann Bull Barnwell Walker and their family fled to Walterboro during the Civil War. When Union soldiers arrived at Retreat, they pillaged the house. In doing so they found a bible hidden under the floorboards. Upon learning that the house belonged to a minister, the officer in charge reversed the order to burn the house. The bible disappeared but eighty years later a member of the Walker family received it in the mail. The package bore a Vermont postmark but no return address.

  • 1939 – Retreat was purchased by Mr. and Mrs. James H. and Meredith Sturdevant from the estate of Heyward S. Walker. The house had fallen into disrepair except for the tabby which remained solid. The Sturdevants completely restored the house (2, p. 110).

  • 1949 – Bronson Lamb purchased the plantation (1).

  • ? – Antonio Ponvert became the next owner and designed the plantation's formal gardens (1).

  • 1965 – Local builder B. G. Pinckney and his wife Anne purchased the plantation (1).

  • ? – Pinckney sold the plantation to developers that have built a 77 home, private community (1).

Retreat Plantation - Beaufort County, South Carolina
— Retreat Plantation House © Library of Congress —
(Prints & Photographs Division HABS SC-860-1)

Land

  • A mile long drive, bordered by live oaks, leads to the residence.

  • Number of acres – 100 in 1939 (2, p. 110)

  • Primary crop – ?

Owners

  • Alphabetical list – John Gibbes Barnwell, Brinson, Stephen Bull, Delagall, Jean de la Gaye (1736-1769), Ford, Gautis, Bronson Lamb (1949-?), B. G. and Anne Pinckney (1969-?), Antonio Ponvert, Simons, James H. and Meredith Sturdevant (1938-1949), Edward Tabb Walker

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – ?

Chimney at Retreat Plantation - Beaufort County, South Carolina
— Chimney at Retreat Plantation © Brandon Coffey
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Buildings

  • The house is the oldest on Port Royal Island (2, p. 107). The house's 22-inch thick tabby walls and original fireplaces are still entact (1).

References & Resources

  1. Brief history of Pinckney Retreat: Click here

  2. Robert B. Cuthbert and Stephen G. Hoffius, editors, Northern Money, Southern Land: The Lowcountry Plantation Sketches of Chlotilde R. Martin (Columbia, SC: The University of South Carolina Press, 2009)

  3. News & Courier Newspaper (predecessor to the Charleston Post & Courier) February 26, 1933 issue reprint of Free South April 4, 1863 listing of St. Helena Island plantation sales prior to the Civil War

  4. Rupert Sargent Holland, editor, Letters and Diary of Laura M. Towne: Written From the Sea Islands of South Carolina (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Library, 2009)

  5. Lawrence S. Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rodgers, Jr. The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina: Volume 1, 1514-1861 (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1996)
     Order The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina: Volume 1, 1514-1861

  6. Catherine Campant Messner, South Carolina's Low Country: A Past Preserved (Orangeburg, SC: Sandlapper Publishing Company, 1988)
     Order South Carolina's Low Country: A Past Preserved

Contact Information
  • Pinckney Retreat
    420 Commons Circle
    Beaufort, SC 29902

    Telephone: 843-770-0170
    Website: Click here

Swing at Retreat Plantation - Beaufort County, South Carolina
— Swing at Retreat Plantation © Brandon Coffey
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Retreat Plantation House 2010 - Beaufort County, South Carolina
— Retreat Plantation House © Lynne Hancock, 2010 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Retreat Plantation House Side View 2010 - Beaufort County, South Carolina
— Side View Retreat Plantation © Lynne Hancock, 2010 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Fence at Retreat Plantation 2010 - Beaufort County, South Carolina
— Fence at Retreat Plantation House © Lynne Hancock, 2010 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Retreat Plantation 2010 - Beaufort County, South Carolina
— Side of Retreat Plantation House © Lynne Hancock, 2010 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)




SC Plantation Inns
SC Plantation Tours
SC Plantation Pictures
SC Plantations by Place
SC Plantation Weddings



Abbeville County
Aiken County
Allendale County
Anderson County

Bamberg County
Barnwell County
Beaufort County
Berkeley County

Calhoun County
Charleston County
Cherokee County
Chester County
Chesterfield County
Clarendon County
Colleton County

Darlington County
Dillon County
Dorchester County

Edgefield County

Fairfield County
Florence County

Georgetown County
Greenville County
Greenwood County

Hampton County
Horry County

Jasper County

Kershaw County

Lancaster County
Laurens County
Lee County
Lexington County

Marion County
Marlboro County
McCormick County

Newberry County

Oconee County
Orangeburg County

Pickens County

Richland County

Saluda County
Spartanburg County
Sumter County

Union County

Williamsburg County

York County


Flower photographs by Virginia Saunders, Columbia, SC. Please click flower for more info.

HOW YOU CAN HELP

Are you able to contribute plantation
information or pictures?
Please click here.


SouthCarolinaPlantations.com
is maintained as a public service by

South Carolina

Home Edit Info Contact

HomeAdd InfoSearchContact