— Vanderhorst Plantation, 2012 © Gazie Nagle —
- Location Kiawah Island, St. John's Colleton Parish, Charleston County
This plantation was located on the whole of Kiawah Island and bounded by the Kiawah River, the Stono River, and the Atlantic Ocean.
- Origin of name Arnoldus Vanderhorst developed the plantation
- Origin of name Kiawah Plantation, Kiawah Island, and today's Kiawah River (which separates Kiawah Island from Johns Island) are all named for a Cusabo tribe that lived on the western shore of the Ashley River when the English settlers landed there in 1670. In fact, area tribes called this river the Kiawah River.
As more settlers arrived, the Kiawah were pushed westward, and the name Kiawah River was changed to Ashley River.
- Other names Kiawah, Kyawah, Kyawha, Oristo
- Current status Private residential community and golf resort
- 1699 Earliest known date of existence
- 1719 Raynor divided the island in half, selling one portion to Captain William Davis. Raynor retained the other part and left it to his daughter Mary Raynor Moore upon his death (2, 6).
- 1737 John Stanyarne purchased both holdings and the island was one again. Stanyarne raised cattle and indigo on the plantation (2).
- 1772 Stanyarne died and the island was once again divided into two. He left the western portion to his granddaughter Mary Gibbes and the eastern side to his other granddaughter, Elizabeth Vanderhorst. Elizabeth was married to Arnoldus Vanderhorst II (2).
- ? House built
Vanderhorst built a house but it was destroyed in 1780 by the British during the American Revolution (2).
- 1801 Arnoldus Vanderhorst II began to build another house on the plantation (2).
- 1802 James Schoolbred, South Carolina's first British Consul, acquired the western portion of the island (6).
- 1815 Arnoldus Vanderhorst died and the plantation passed to his son Elias Vanderhorst (2).
- Circa 1858 Arnoldus Vanderhorst IV took over the plantation from his father Elias (2).
- Late 1800s The Vanderhorst family acquired the western portion from the Schoolbreds thus owning the entire island (6).
- 1881 Arnoldus IV died in a hunting accident and the plantation passed to his wife Adele (2).
- 1915 Arnoldus Vanderhorst V inherited the plantation upon his mother Adele's death in this year (2).
- 1951 The Vanderhorst family retained ownership of Kiawah Island until this year when it was sold to C.C. Royal for $125,000 (6).
- 1964 C.C. Royal died and the island passed to a family trust (7).
- 1974 The trust sold the island, except for 21 beachfront acres, to developer Coastal Shores, Inc., a Kuwaiti company, for $17.385 million (7).
- Today The island has been developed into a private residential community and golf resort (7).
- Number of acres 2,700 in 1699 (2)
- Primary crop Cattle, indigo, cotton
- Chronological list Captain George Raynor (1699-?); Captain William Davis (1719-?); Mary Raynor Moore; John Stanyarne (1737-1772); Mary Gibbes (1772-?); Arnoldus and Elizabeth Vanderhorst (1772-1815); James Schoolbred (1802-?); Elias Vanderhorst (1815-circa 1858); Arnoldus Vanderhorst IV (Circa 1858-1881); Adele Vanderhorst (1881-1915); Arnoldus Vanderhorst V (1915-?); C.C. Royal (1951-1964); Royal family trust (1964-1974); Coastal Shores, Inc. (1974)
- Number of slaves:
30 circa 1772 (2)
40 circa 1785 (2)
113 in 1810 (2)
115 in 1820 (2)
46 in 1840 (2)
150 in 1860
- The house built by Arnoldus Vanderhorst II in 1801 still stands today and has been fully restored.
References & Resources
- National Register of Historic Places
Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1973
Photographs, architectural overview
- A Short History of Kiawah Island and Quash Stevens
- 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society
- Layton Wayne Jordan and Elizabeth H. Stringfellow, A Place Called St. John's (Spartanburg, SC: Reprint Company, 1998)
- Catherine Campant Messner, South Carolina's Low Country: A Past Preserved (Orangeburg, SC: Sandlapper Publishing Company, 1988)
Order South Carolina's Low Country: A Past Preserved
- Kiawah Island Golf Resort - Our Heritage
- Ashton Cobb, Kiawah Island: A History (Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2012 reprint) p. 105
- Cobblestone Destinations - Pictures of the interior and exterior of the house taken in April 2011
- Kiawah Island Golf Resort
One Sanctuary Beach Drive
Kiawah Island, SC 29455
Website: Click here
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