Marshlands Plantation North Charleston Charleston County
— Marshlands Plantation 1962 © Library of Congress —
— Prints & Photographs Division HABS SC,10-CHAR.V,6-1 —
- Location Cooper River, North Charleston, St. James Goose Creek Parish, Charleston County
This house is now at 331 Fort Johnson Road on James Island.
- Origin of name ?
- Other names Marsh Lands, Lawton
- Current status Original property is part of the former Charleston Naval Base. The house was moved to James Island, and is part of the Hollings Marine Laboratory.
— Marshlands Plantation House © Brandon Coffey —
- 1682-83 Earliest known date of existence
- 1810 House built by John Ball
- 1819 The original 213 acres tract was sold to Nathaniel Heyward. He owned numerous lowcountry plantations (National Register, p. 3).
- 1861-1865 During the Civil War, Union soldiers used Marshlands as headquarters for the United States Sanitary Commission.
- 1940s House was restored
- 1961 The house was loaded intact aboard a barge and floated from its site within the bounds of the Naval Base to James Island.
— Rear of Marshlands Plantation House © Brandon Coffey —
- Number of acres 30 in 1683; 822 in 1806; 213 in 1819
- Primary crop Rice (National Register, p. 3)
- Alphabetical list John Ball, College of Charleston, Paul Grimball, Nathaniel Heyward, Cecilia Lawton, Charles and Elizabeth Manigault, South Carolina Marine Resources Center, United States Government Navy Yard and Reservation, John Wragg, Joseph Wragg
- Number of slaves ?
- The clapboard house with a brick foundation was constructed in 1810. In 1961, it was moved to James Island (National Register, p. 2).
- National Register of Historic Places
Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1972
Photographs, architectural overview
- 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society
- William P. Baldwin Jr., Plantations of the Low County: South Carolina 1697-1865 (Westbrook, ME: Legacy Publishing, 1994)
Order Plantations of the Low County: South Carolina 1697-1865
- Claude Henry Neuffer, editor, Names in South Carolina, Volume I through 30 (Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company)
Order Names in South Carolina, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965
Order Names in South Carolina, Index XIII-XVIII
- John Beaufain Irving, A Day on Cooper River (1842)
(Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing, LLC, 2010)
- Caption on map of plantations along the Santee River in Upper St. John's Parish, SC 1865
- Michael J. Heitzler, Goose Creek: A Definitive History - Volume One: Planters, Politicians and Patriots
(Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2005)
- Hollings Marine Laboratory (location of house)
331 Fort Johnson Road
Charleston, SC 29412
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