Point of Pines Plantation - Edisto Island Charleston County South Carolina SC

Point of Pines Plantation – Edisto Island – Charleston County



Point of Pines Plantation 1986 - Charleston County, South Carolina
— Slave Cabin at Point of Pines Plantation, 1986 —
— © National Register of Historic Places —

Basic Information

  • Location – North Edisto River, Edisto Island, St. John's Colleton Parish, Charleston County

    Located off SC 174 on Point of Pines Road

  • Origin of name – Many large pines grew on the property's furthermost point.

  • Other names – Mitchell Place

  • Current status – Privately owned

Timeline

  • 1674 – Earliest known date of existence

  • ? – House built

  • 1686 – Spanish marauders sacked the area and destroyed the plantation.

  • 1852 – Legare appeared on a map of the area for Point of Pines (1, p. 2).

  • 1861 – Union troops took over Point of Pines Plantation. The plantation's slaves and others from the area proclaimed themselves to be free (3).

  • 1985 – Julian Mitchell owned the property for many years until his death in this year (1, p. 2).

  • 1986 – The plantation was owned by the Estate of Julian Mitchell (1, p. 1).

Land

  • Number of acres – 1000; 3.2 in 1986 (1, p. 2)

  • Primary crop – Sea Island cotton (3)

Owners

  • Alphabetical list – Bailey; John Cummins; Estate of Julian Mitchell (1986); Grimball; Legare (1852); Burnett Maybank and Marion Maybank II; Julian Mitchell (?-1985)

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – 170 (3)

Buildings

  • At one time there were perhaps as many as 25 slave cabins. In the early 2000s, the plantation had three of the few remaining slave cabins on Edisto Island.

  • In May 2013, the Smithsonian Institution dismantled a cabin to transport it Washington, DC where it will be displayed at the National Museum of African American History and Culture (3).

  • Today, the remains of the house's foundation (made of tabby, which is a cement made of lime, sand or gravel, and crushed oyster shells) can still be seen near the river.

References & Resources

  1. National Register of Historic Places
    Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1986
    Photographs, architectural overview

  2. 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society

  3. Slave Cabin Set to Become Centerpiece of New Smithsonian Museum

  4. Robert Behre, Smithsonian to Preserve, Display Edisto Slave Cabin, (Charleston, SC: The Post & Courier, May 14, 2013)



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Flower photographs by Virginia Saunders, Columbia, SC. Please click flower for more info.

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