Willtown Bluff Plantation - Adams Run Charleston County South Carolina SC

Willtown Bluff Plantation – Adams Run – Charleston County



Willtown Bluff Plantation 2008 - Charleston County, South Carolina
— Willtown Bluff Plantation © Brandon Coffey

Basic Information

  • Location – Edisto River, Adams Run, St. Paul's Parish, ACE Basin, Charleston County

    Located off SC 164 on Willtown Road

  • Origin of name – The nearby village was called Wiltown probably for William of Orange (2, p. 627)

  • Other names – Wilton, New Hope

  • Current status – Privately owned

Willtown Bluff Historical Marker 2011 - Charleston County, South Carolina
— Willtown Bluff Historical Marker © Gazie Nagle

Timeline

  • 1714 – Earliest known date of existence

    Granted to Landgrave Robert Daniel (2, p. 628)

  • 1756 – Tract purchased by William Elliott from John Ash (2, p. 628)

  • ? – Ann Morris, William Elliott's daughter, inherited the property from her father (2, p. 628).

  • ? – Ann's son Lewis Morris V became owner (2, p. 629).

  • 1809 – House built by Lewis V and Elizabeth Manigault Morris (2, p. 629)

    The date of the house construction is uncertain as the National Register has the date of 1820 (1, p. 2)

  • 1863 – Lewis died after witnessing his property being destroyed by warring factions. Many houses in the area were burned but the house at Willtown Bluff was spared (2, p. 634).

    The house may have been used as a Confederate hospital during the Civil War (1, p. 3)

  • 1871 – Morris' heirs sold the plantation to Edward Manigault Barnwell (2, p. 634).

  • 1885 – John Grimball purchased the property from Edward Manigault Barnwell (2, p. 634).

  • 1893 – John Grimball sold Willtown Bluff to Christopher FitzSimons (2, p. 634).

  • 1911 – Christopher FitzSimons transferred ownership to Samuel G. FitzSimons (2, p. 634).

  • 1925 – Samuel G. FitzSimons sold Willtown Bluff to William E. Harmon (2, p. 635).

  • 1930 – Harmon's estate sold the plantation to Arthur Whitney (2, p. 635).

  • 1945 – Hugh Lane became the plantation's owner (2, p. 635)

Land

  • Number of acres – 1,016 in 1714; 623 in 1851

  • Primary crop – Rice

Owners

  • Alphabetical list – Mr. and Mrs. Donald Allston; John Ash (?-1756); Edward Manigault Barnwell (1871-1885); William Elliott (1756-?); Christopher FitzSimons (1893-1911); Samuel G. FitzSimons (1911-1925); John Grimball (1885-1893); William E. Harmon (1925-1930); Hugh Lane (1945-?); Ann Morris; Elizabeth Manigault Morris; Colonel Lewis V. Morris (?-1863); Mr. and Mrs. Harold Stanley

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – ?

Buildings

  • Elizabeth Manigault Morris' father was a noted amateur architect. The house at Willtown Bluff is of Federal style with a polygonal room (2, p. 629).

References & Resources

  1. National Register of Historic Places
    Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1974
    Photographs, architectural overview

  2. Suzanne Cameron Linder, Historical Atlas of the Rice Plantations of the ACE River Basin - 1860 (Columbia, SC: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1995) pp. 625-639
     Order Historical Atlas of the Rice Plantations of the ACE River Basin - 1860

  3. 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society

  4. Margaret F. Kemp, Colleton County, South Carolina: A Pictorial History (Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company, 1994)



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