- Location Dorchester Creek (a branch of the Ashley River), Summerville, Dorchester County
Original plantation lands were located off SC 165 in the vicinity of Newington Plantation Estates (King Charles Circle).
- Origin of name Named after the Axtell's family estate in England
- Other names Lady Blake's House
- Current status Residential subdivision
- 1680 Earliest known date of existence
300 acres granted to Daniel Axtell (2)
- ? Daniel Axtell died leaving the property to his wife Lady Rebecca Axtell (2)
- Circa 1690 House built (2)
Lady Rebecca Axtell built a large house. It was constructed of brick and reportedly one of the largest constructed at this time in the Lowcountry (2).
- Circa 1711 Lady Axtell passed away, leaving the plantation to her daughter Elizabeth Axtell Blake (2).
- 1715 House burned by Indians in Yemassee Indian War (2).
- 1726 Elizabeth Blake died and her son, Colonel Joseph Blake, became owner (2).
- ? Colonel Blake was very wealthy and rebuilt the mansion with 100 windows so he could observe his property (2).
- 1837 The Blake family resided at Newington until it was sold this year to Henry A. Middleton (2).
- 1845 The mansion built by Colonel Blake was destroyed by fire (2).
- 1876 Henry Middleton leased the old grounds and garden to the US Government for an experimental tea farm (2).
- 1970s The plantation lands were developed into a residential subdivision with over 500 homes.
- Number of acres 300 in 1680
- Primary crop Rice
- There was a large double row of oaks on each side of the avenue leading to the house.
- The large garden is thought to have been developed by the Blake family. Most likely based on the grand English gardens of the time and quite formal with terracing and hedges. (3, p. 26).
- Chronological list Daniel Axtell (1680-?); Lady Rebecca Axtell (?-1711); Elizabeth Axtell Blake (1711-1726); Colonel Joseph Blake (1726-?); Daniel Blake; Henry A. Middleton (1837-?)
- Number of slaves 82 in 1751 under Joseph Blake (6)
- Two mansions had been built at Newington Plantation and both were destroyed by fire. The second house, built by Col. Blake, was called the "house of a hundred windows."
References & Resources
- National Register of Historic Places
Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1974
Photographs, architectural overview
- Newington Plantation History: Click here
- A Context For the Study of Lowcountry Gardens - PDF - Michael Trinkley and Debi Hacker, 2007, for the Chicora Foundation.
- Claude Henry Neuffer, editor, Names in South Carolina, Volume I through 30 (Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company)
Order Names in South Carolina, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965
Order Names in South Carolina, Index XIII-XVIII
- Legare Walker, Dorchester County (Published by J.W. Parker, 1979)
- Information contributed by William Durant from Fold 3
- Newington Plantation Estates
P.O. Box 654
Summerville, SC 29484
Website: Click here
More about Dorchester County
- Learn more about historic Dorchester County, including the lovely town of Summerville as well as nearby Charleston. We have helpful guides to Summerville history and Summerville libraries and museums – plus Summerville restaurants, Summerville bed & breakfasts, Summerville hotels, and Summerville real estate.