Litchfield Plantation - Pawleys Island Georgetown County South Carolina SC

Litchfield Plantation – Pawleys Island – Georgetown County

Basic Information

  • Location – Waccamaw River, Pawleys Island, All Saints Waccamaw Parish, Georgetown County

    Original plantation lands were located north of Waverly Creek and stretched from the Waccamaw River to the Atlantic Ocean (1).

  • Origin of name – ?

  • Other names – ?

  • Current status – House is a bed and breakfast with the plantation lands having been developed into an upscale neighborhood

Timeline

  • 1710 – Earliest known date of existence

    The first of three land grants from King George II through his Lords Proprieters to Thomas Hepworth (1)

  • ? – Peter Simons acquired the property (1)

  • 1740 – House built

    Peter Simons built the house that still stands today (1).

  • 1794 – Peter Simons died and his property was divided between his two sons. John Simons inherited what was known as Litchfield (1).

  • 1796 – John didn't own the plantation long and sold it to Daniel Tucker (1).

  • 1797 – John Tucker inherited Litchfield from his father Daniel (1).

  • 1859 – After John Tucker's death, Litchfield passed to his son Dr. Henry Massingberd Tucker (1).

  • 1897 – Dr. Tucker sold the plantation to Louis Claude Lachicotte (1).

    Lachicotte founded the first canning factory for vegetables and seafood in South Carolina at Litchfield Plantation (1).

  • 1911 – Arthur Herbert Lachicotte and Joshua John Ward purchased the plantation from Louis Lachiotte (1).

  • 1926 – The pair sold the plantation to Dr. Henry Norris (1).

    Dr. Norris restored the house and added wings on both sides of the house. He also extensively landscaped the property (1).

  • 1942 – Litchfield was owned by Harry Edmond Parker, J. Philip Booth and Thornwell Hay Parker.

  • 1966 – Louise Price Parsons owned the plantation.

  • 1969 – The property was sold to the Litchfield Plantation Company which developed it into a upscale, residential neighborhood. The house operates as a bed and breakfast (1).

Land

  • Number of acres – 500 in 1710; 1,420 in 1712 (1)

  • Primary crop – Rice (1)

  • There is a slave cemetery on the property. A survey cataloged 150 possible graves, but only two are marked (1).

Owners

  • Chronological list – Thomas Hepworth (1710-?); Peter Simons (?-1794); John Simons (1794-1796); Daniel Tucker (1796-1797); John Hyrne Tucker (1797-1859); Dr. Henry Massingberd Tucker (1859-1897); Louis Claude Lachicotte (1897-1911); Arthur Herbert Lachicotte and Joshua John Ward (1911-1926); Dr. Henry Norris (1926-?); Harry Edmond Parker, J. Philip Booth and Thornwell Hay Parker (1942); James B. Moore, E. Craig Wall, William N. Miller, Jr., Howard Hinman, Jr. (1957-1966); Louise Price Parsons (1966); Litchfield Plantation Company (1969-present, 2012)

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – 155 in 1859 (7)

Buildings

  • Today, the house is the home of Pawleys Island Bed and Breakfast.

Web Resources

  1. Litchfield Plantation history: Click here

  2. Suzanne Cameron Linder and Marta Leslie Thacker, Historical Atlas of the Rice Plantations of Georgetown County and the Santee River (Columbia, SC: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 2001), pp. 141-144.
     Order Historical Atlas of the Rice Plantations of Georgetown County and the Santee River

  3. 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society

  4. William P. Baldwin Jr., Plantations of the Low County: South Carolina 1697-1865 (Westbrook, ME: Legacy Publishing, 1994)
     Order Plantations of the Low County: South Carolina 1697-1865

  5. Claude Henry Neuffer, editor, Names in South Carolina, Volume I through 30 (Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company)
     Order Names in South Carolina, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965
     Order Names in South Carolina, Index XIII-XVIII

  6. George C. Rodgers, Jr., The History of Georgetown County, South Carolina (Spartanburg, SC: Reprint Company, 1990)
     Order The History of Georgetown County, South Carolina

  7. Compiled by lowcountryafricana.net, Slaves at Litchfield Plantation in 1859

Contact Information

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