Wedge Plantation - McClellanville Charleston and Georgetown Counties South Carolina SC

Wedge Plantation – McClellanville – Charleston & Georgetown Counties



Wedge Plantation 1915-1923 - Georgetown County, South Carolina
— Wedge Plantation © Taken between 1915 and 1923 by Howard R. Jacobs —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

A. L. Lofton, who contributed the picture above, notes, "At the foot of the steps are sections of the original round columns, which were replaced by double square columns, until round columns could be purchased."

Basic Information

  • Location – South Santee River, McClellanville, St. James Santee Parish, Charleston & Georgetown Counties

    The original plantation lands are located party in Charleston County and partly in Georgetown County. The plantation house is located off US 17 on Wedge Plantation Road in the Francis Marion National Forest. The original rice fields are located across the South Santee River in Georgetown County.

  • Origin of name – The boundaries of the property form the shape of a wedge.

  • Other names – The Wedge

  • Current status – The University of South Carolina accepted an offer in November 2014 to sale of the plantation for $4 million after unsuccessfully trying to sell it earlier in the year. The purchaser was not disclosed (8).

Wedge Plantation 2009 - Georgetown County, South Carolina
— Wedge Plantation © Brandon Coffey, 2009 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Timeline

  • 1784 – Earliest known date of existence

    Elizabeth Deas Middleton owned property on the South Santee River. Upon her death, the property was divided into Wedge and Pine Tree Hill plantations (3, p. 741).

  • 1802 – John Hume purchased Wedge which consisted of 47 acres (3, p. 741).

  • 1819 – John Hume's daughter, Charlotte, married William Lucas, and it is presumed that they were given Wedge. No documents exist of this transaction (2, p. 266).

  • 1826 – William Lucas built a house on the property.

    The National Register nomination form dates the house to the 1830s, but this is an error. The deed the nomination form is referring to was the deed for 45 acres on Washashaw Creek purchased by William Lucas from his father-in-law, John Hume (3, p. 842).

  • 1866 – William Lucas transferred the property to his son Alexander Hume Lucas (1).

  • 1892 – The house caught fire when sparks from the chimney set the roof ablaze. The fire was put out and the house was saved (2, pp. 309-311).

  • 1914 – Alexander Hume Lucas died. At this time, Wedge ceased to be a working plantation. It remained in the family for another fifteen years (3, p. 742).

  • 1929 – Wedge was purchased by Mr. and Mrs. Elbridge Gerry Chadwick. They also purchased Palo Alto and Woodville, two neighboring plantations (3, p. 742).

  • 1946 – Charles H. Woodward purchased the plantation and used it as a winter residence (1).

  • 1966 – Dr. and Mrs. Richard B. Dominick purchased Wedge and Belleview plantations. Dr. Dominick set up an experimental laboratory to study insects. He was interested in collecting moths and butterflies (3, p. 742).

  • 1976 – Dr. Dominick died and the State of South Carolina purchased Wedge. It became home to the University of South Carolina's International Center for Public Health Research.

  • 2007 – To this date, Wedge is still owned by the University of South Carolina. The university is hoping to lease Wedge to a private party. (3, p. 742).

  • 2014 – The University of South Carolina put the property up for sale through a bid process with a minimum bid of $4 million. This process resulted in no bids meeting the minimum. In November 2014, USC accepted an offer of $4 million from a buyer that was not disclosed (7) (8).

Land

  • Number of acres – 47 in 1802, 1500 in 2007; 1503 in 2014 with approximately 530 acres in Charleston County and 970 in Georgetown County

  • Primary crop – Rice

Owners

  • Alphabetical list – Mr. and Mrs. Elbridge Gerry Chadwick, Dr. and Mrs. Richard B. Dominick, John Hume, Alexander Hume Lucas, William Lucas, Elizabeth Deas Middleton, Univeristy of South Carolina, Charles H. Woodward

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – In 1850, William Lucas owned 72 slaves on his various plantations (1).

Buildings

  • The main house is in the Federal style with 8,665 square feet. There are also multiple outbuildings on the property (7, p. 4).

References & Resources

  1. National Register of Historic Places
    Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1980
    Photographs, architectural overview

  2. Anne Baker Leland Bridges and Roy Williams III, St James Santee Plantation Parish History and Records, 1685-1925, (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Company, Publishers, 1997).

  3. Suzanne Cameron Linder and Marta Leslie Thacker, Historical Atlas of the Rice Plantations of Georgetown County and the Santee River (Columbia, SC: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 2001)
     Order Historical Atlas of the Rice Plantations of Georgetown County and the Santee River

  4. 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society

  5. Claude Henry Neuffer, editor, Names in South Carolina, Volume I through 30 (Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company)
     Order Names in South Carolina, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965
     Order Names in South Carolina, Index XIII-XVIII

  6. George C. Rodgers, Jr., The History of Georgetown County, South Carolina (Spartanburg, SC: Reprint Company, 1990)
     Order The History of Georgetown County, South Carolina

  7. Property sale information from the University of South Carolina - PDF

  8. Andrew Shain, USC Agrees to Sell Wedge Plantation (Columbia, SC: The State Newspaper, November 21, 2014)



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