— Wedge Plantation © Taken between 1915 and 1923 by Howard R. Jacobs —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)
A. L. Lofton, who contributed the picture above, notes, "At the foot of the steps are sections of the original round columns, which were replaced by double square columns, until round columns could be purchased."
- Location South Santee River, McClellanville, St. James Santee Parish, Charleston & Georgetown Counties
The original plantation lands are located party in Charleston County and partly in Georgetown County. The plantation house is located off US 17 on Wedge Plantation Road in the Francis Marion National Forest. The original rice fields are located across the South Santee River in Georgetown County.
- Origin of name The boundaries of the property form the shape of a wedge.
- Other names The Wedge
- Current status Houses the University of South Carolina's International Center for Public Health Research - in May 2014, the university was accepting sealed bids until June 12, 2104 to purchase the property with a minimum bid of $4 million. UPDATE: No one offered the minimum of $4 million and USC announced that they would entertain offers below that amount with no deadline to submit or requirement they accept.
— Wedge Plantation © Brandon Coffey, 2009 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)
- 1784 Earliest known date of existence
Elizabeth Deas Middleton owned property on the South Santee River. Upon her death, the property was divided into Wedge and Pine Tree Hill plantations (3, p. 741).
- 1802 John Hume purchased Wedge which consisted of 47 acres (3, p. 741).
- 1819 John Hume's daughter, Charlotte, married William Lucas, and it is presumed that they were given Wedge. No documents exist of this transaction (2, p. 266).
- 1826 William Lucas built a house on the property.
The National Register nomination form dates the house to the 1830s, but this is an error. The deed the nomination form is referring to was the deed for 45 acres on Washashaw Creek purchased by William Lucas from his father-in-law, John Hume (3, p. 842).
- 1866 William Lucas transferred the property to his son Alexander Hume Lucas (1).
- 1892 The house caught fire when sparks from the chimney set the roof ablaze. The fire was put out and the house was saved (2, pp. 309-311).
- 1914 Alexander Hume Lucas died. At this time, Wedge ceased to be a working plantation. It remained in the family for another fifteen years (3, p. 742).
- 1929 Wedge was purchased by Mr. and Mrs. Elbridge Gerry Chadwick. They also purchased Palo Alto and Woodville, two neighboring plantations (3, p. 742).
- 1946 Charles H. Woodward purchased the plantation and used it as a winter residence (1).
- 1966 Dr. and Mrs. Richard B. Dominick purchased Wedge and Belleview plantations. Dr. Dominick set up an experimental laboratory to study insects. He was interested in collecting moths and butterflies (3, p. 742).
- 1976 Dr. Dominick died and the State of South Carolina purchased Wedge. It became home to the University of South Carolina's International Center for Public Health Research.
- 2007 To this date, Wedge is still owned by the University of South Carolina. The university is hoping to lease Wedge to a private party. (3, p. 742).
- 2014 The University of South Carolina put the property up for sale through a bid process with a minimum bid of $4 million (7).
- Number of acres 47 in 1802, 1500 in 2007; 1503 in 2014 with approximately 530 acres in Charleston County and 970 in Georgetown County
- Primary crop Rice
- Alphabetical list Mr. and Mrs. Elbridge Gerry Chadwick, Dr. and Mrs. Richard B. Dominick, John Hume, Alexander Hume Lucas, William Lucas, Elizabeth Deas Middleton, Univeristy of South Carolina, Charles H. Woodward
- Number of slaves In 1850, William Lucas owned 72 slaves on his various plantations (1).
- The main house is in the Federal style with 8,665 square feet. There are also multiple outbuildings on the property (7, p. 4).
References & Resources
- National Register of Historic Places
Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1980
Photographs, architectural overview
- Anne Baker Leland Bridges and Roy Williams III, St James Santee Plantation Parish History and Records, 1685-1925, (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Company, Publishers, 1997).
- Suzanne Cameron Linder and Marta Leslie Thacker (with preliminary research by Agnes Leland Baldwin), Historical Atlas of the Rice Plantations of Georgetown County and the Santee River (Columbia: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 2001).
- 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society
- Claude Henry Neuffer, editor, Names in South Carolina, Volume I through 30 (Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company)
Order Names in South Carolina, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965
Order Names in South Carolina, Index XIII-XVIII
- George C. Rodgers, Jr., The History of Georgetown County, South Carolina (Spartanburg, SC: Reprint Company, 1990)
Order The History of Georgetown County, South Carolina
- Property sale information from the University of South Carolina - PDF