Upper Mill Plantation - Horry County South Carolina SC

Upper Mill Plantation – Horry County

Upper Mill Plantation House - Horry County, South Carolina
— Upper Mill Plantation House © —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)


Much of the information on this page was contributed by J. Benjamin Burroughs of Conway, South Carolina. Ben was formerly the Executive Director of the Horry County Historical Society.

Basic Information

  • Location – Waccamaw River, Horry County

    Located between Conway and Bucksville at 105 Upper Mill Drive

    Site of the first steam operated lumber mill in South Carolina. It produced cypress and pine which was shipped worldwide.

  • Origin of name – This plantation was the site of the uppermost of three lumber mills located on the Waccamaw River that were owned by Captain Henry Buck.

  • Other names – Buck's Upper Mill Plantation

  • Current status – Special event site and has remained in the Buck family

Upper Mill Plantation Mill Chimney 2010 - Horry County, South Carolina
— Mill Chimney © Joanna Thurman, 2010 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Timeline

  • 1828 – Earliest known date of existence

  • 1828 – House built

    House was restored in mid-1980s.

  • ? – Captain Henry Buck purchased the plantation. He owned three mills along the Waccamaw River: Lower Mill was at the site that became Bucksport, Middle Mill was at the site that became Bucksville, and Upper Mill was at the plantation on which Henry Buck lived.

Upper Mill Plantation Sign - Horry County, South Carolina
— Upper Mill Plantation Sign © —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Land

  • Number of acres – 9,000 in 1860

  • Primary crops – Cotton, rice, sweet potatoes, Indian corn, and forest products

  • A slave cemetery is on the property.

Owners

  • Chronological list – Captain Henry Buck; Henry Lee Buck; Henry L. Buck, Jr.; Henry L. Buck, III; Henry L. Buck, IV; Patsy Buck

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – 133 in 1850; 312 in 1860

    Captain Buck understood that treating people well would result in a better return. He treated his slaves like employees and paid them wages (1).

Upper Mill Plantation Oaks - Horry County, South Carolina
— Upper Mill Plantation Oaks © —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Buildings

  • Slave cabins – The 1860 Slave Schedules record 70 slave houses belonging to Captain Henry Buck. It is unclear if all of these were at Upper Mill Plantation or if some were at his other plantation, Woodbourne.

  • The plantation house still exists, as does the plantation commissary and the chimney for the mill. Upper Mill was the frist steam generated lumber mill in the southeast United States (1).

References & Resources

  1. YouTube video - ETVRoadShow segment includes historic information and pictures

  2. 1850 Slave Schedules of Horry District, South Carolina

  3. 1860 Slave Schedules of Horry District, South Carolina

  4. 1860 Agricultural Survey of Horry District, South Carolina

Contact Information

  • Upper Mill Plantation
    105 Upper Mill Drive
    Conway, SC 29527

    Telephone: 843-397-6151
    Website: Click here

More about Horry County

Bucksport Barn 2010 - Horry County, South Carolina
— Barn at Bucksport© Joanna Thurman, 2010 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)





SC Plantation Inns
SC Plantation Tours
SC Plantation Pictures
SC Plantations by Place
SC Plantation Weddings



Abbeville County
Aiken County
Allendale County
Anderson County

Bamberg County
Barnwell County
Beaufort County
Berkeley County

Calhoun County
Charleston County
Cherokee County
Chester County
Chesterfield County
Clarendon County
Colleton County

Darlington County
Dillon County
Dorchester County

Edgefield County

Fairfield County
Florence County

Georgetown County
Greenville County
Greenwood County

Hampton County
Horry County

Jasper County

Kershaw County

Lancaster County
Laurens County
Lee County
Lexington County

Marion County
Marlboro County
McCormick County

Newberry County

Oconee County
Orangeburg County

Pickens County

Richland County

Saluda County
Spartanburg County
Sumter County

Union County

Williamsburg County

York County


Flower photographs by Virginia Saunders, Columbia, SC. Please click flower for more info.

HOW YOU CAN HELP

Are you able to contribute plantation
information or pictures?
Please click here.


SouthCarolinaPlantations.com
is maintained as a public service by

South Carolina

Home Edit Info Contact

HomeAdd InfoSearchContact