Orange Grove Plantation - Dalzell Sumter County South Carolina SC

Orange Grove Plantation – Dalzell – Sumter County



Orange Grove Plantation 1993 - Sumter County, South Carolina
— Orange Grove Plantation © National Register of Historic Places, 1993 —

Basic Information

  • Location – Gaillard's Crossroads, two miles north Dalzell, Sumter County

    Black River Road at Peach Orchard Road (1, p. 1, 5)

  • Origin of name – ?

  • Other names – Gaillard-Colclough House (1, p. 1)

  • Current status – Privately owned

Timeline

  • ? – Earliest known date of existence

  • 1842 – Samuel Porcher Gaillard purchased the property from J.R.Spann and Hastin Jenning (1, p. 8).

  • Circa 1842 – Second house built (1, p. 5)

    Samuel Porcher Gaillard either constructed a house shortly after he purchased the plantation or one was already on it (1, p. 8).

  • 1850 – The house was destroyed by fire (1, p. 8)

  • 1851 – Second house built (1, p. 5)

    Samuel Porcher Gaillard constructed a two-and-one-half story house over a basement (1, p. 5, 8).

  • 1880 – Samuel Porcher Gaillard died and the plantation stayed in the Gaillard family (1, p. 9).

  • ? – Captain Peter Gaillard resided at Orange Grove (1, p. 9).

  • 1902 – A part of the plantation, including the house, was sold to William Burrow and Emma Buford Colclough, relatives of the Gaillards, on December 1 (1, p. 9).

  • 1920 – William Colclough passed away. Emma continued to live and farm Orange Grove with the assistance of her brother (1, p. ).

  • 1924 – On April 30, Orange Grove was hit by a tornado. The storm tore off the house's roof, half story and most of the second floor. In order to salvage the house, repairs were made to reconfiguring it to a one-and-one-half story house (1, p. 6).

  • 1951 – Emma Colclough passed away and the plantation was put into her estate (1, p. 9).

  • 1953 – Julius Elbert Davis, Jr. purchased the plantation from the Colclough estate (1, p. 9).

  • 1993 – Julius Elbert Davis, Jr. still owned Orange Grove, 40 years after he purchased it (1, p. 9).

Land

  • Number of acres – 2,019 in 1860; 39.88 in 1993 (1, p. 1)

  • Primary crop – Cotton; corn (1, p. 8)

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – 115 in 1860; 123 circa 1868 (1, p. 9)

Buildings

  • There is a one-story, historic servant's house near the main house (1, p. 7).

References & Resources

  1. National Register of Historic Places
    Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1993
    Photographs, architectural overview





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Flower photographs by Virginia Saunders, Columbia, SC. Please click flower for more info.

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