Valencia Plantation - Ridgeway Fairfield County South Carolina SC

Valencia Plantation – Ridgeway – Fairfield County

Valencia Plantation 1971 - Fairfield County, South Carolina
— Valencia Plantation • National Register of Historic Places, 1971 —

Basic Information

  • Location – Ridgeway, Fairfield County

    Two miles northwest of Ridgeway on County Road 106 (1, p. 1)

  • Origin of name – The view from the house resembled Valencia, Spain (2, XII: 52)

  • Other names – Bloomingdale (2, XII: 52)

  • Current status – ?


  • 1824 – Earliest known date of existence (2, XII: 52)

    Edward Gendron Palmer acquired 6,000 acres which he called Blommingdale at New Lands. This area was called New Lands at the time and later was renamed Ridgeway (2, XII: 52).

  • 1834 – House built (2, XII: 52)

    Palmer built a two-story frame house modeled after lowcountry plantation homes. When Mrs. Palmer's brother visited the house, he commented that the view reminded him of Valencia, Spain and the plantation from that point on has been called Valencia (1, p. 2) (2, XII: 52) (4).

  • 1853 – Edward Palmer established Cedar Tree Plantation for his son Dr. John Davis Palmer. Palmer subdivided the southern portion of Valencia to make Cedar Tree (2, XII: 52).

  • 1971 – Edward Gendron Palmer V owned the plantation (1, p. 1).


  • Number of acres – 6,000 in 1824; 400 in 1999 (2, XII: 52) (3, p. 3)

  • Primary crop – Cotton


  • Number of slaves – 400 under Edward Gendron Palmer (4)

References & Resources

  1. National Register of Historic Places
    Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1971
    Photographs, architectural overview

  2. Claude Henry Neuffer, editor, Names in South Carolina, Volume I through 30 (Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company)
     Order Names in South Carolina, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965
     Order Names in South Carolina, Index XIII-XVIII

  3. Information contributed by Cyndi Shull from:
    Fairfield Genealogical Society June 1999 Newsletter - PDF

  4. Information contributed by Cyndi Shull from:
    Low-Country Families Influence Fairfield (PDF), (Columbia, SC: The State, July 31, 1938)

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Flower photographs by Virginia Saunders, Columbia, SC. Please click flower for more info.


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