Mountain Shoals Plantation - Enoree Spartanburg County South Carolina SC

Mountain Shoals Plantation – Enoree – Spartanburg County

Mountain Shoals Plantation 2014 - Spartanburg County, South Carolina
— Mountain Shoals Plantation © Bill Fitzpatrick, 2014 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Basic Information

  • Location – Enoree, Ninety Six District, Spartanburg County

    Located at the junction of US 221 and Parker Road (1, p. 1, 7, 8)

  • Origin of name – For the shoals in the Enoree River near the house (3)

  • Other names – James Nesbitt House (1, p. 1)

  • Current status – Privately owned


  • 1750 – Earliest known date of existence

    Land grant to James Meador from King George III

  • 1817 – Daniel McKee received a land grant from the state and operated a mill near Mountain Shoals (1, p. 3).

    It is believed Daniel McKee constructed the house

  • 1823 – McKee lost the property to a sheriff's sale (1, p. 3).

  • 1828 – Starling Tucker was the owner.

  • 1834 – James Rhodes owned the plantation.

  • 1836 – James Nesbitt and Leonard Hill purchased the property. The men were co-owners of the South Carolina Manufacturing Company (1, p. 3).

  • 1837 – James Nesbitt became sole owner of Mountain Shoals (1, p. 3).

  • 1838 – House built (3)

    James Nesbitt had the house constructed that still stands today.

  • 1875 – James Nesbitt died leaving the plantation to his widow Caroline Brewton Nesbitt (1, p. 3).

  • 1877 – Caroline Brewton Nesbitt sold the plantation to James L. Hill, the son of Leonard Hill (1, p. 3).

  • 1924 – The house was owned and occupied by the Hill family until this year when it was purchased by a local pharmacist, Dr. William H. Irby (1, p. 3).

  • 1973 – The Irby family left the plantation to the Enoree Methodist Church.

  • 1975 – Frank Coleman and Martin Meek purchased the property and restoration began (1, p. 3).
Mountain Shoals Plantation 1979 - Spartanburg County, South Carolina
— Mountain Shoals Plantation, 1979 • National Register of Historic Places —


  • Number of acres – 3,300 in 1850 with 500 under cultivation; 3,010 in 1860 with 2,000 under cultivation; 2.75 in 2013 (3)

  • Primary crops – Indian corn, rye, oats (3)


  • Number of slaves – 19 in 1850; 27 in 1860 (3)


  • The house is two-stories of framed construction which rests on a brick foundation. There are eight granite pillars supporting the structure. Also on the property is a circa 1815 log cabin that had been on a neighboring property and moved to Mountain Shoals (1, p. 2, 5).

References & Resources

  1. National Register of Historic Places
    Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1979
    Photographs, architectural overview

  2. 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society

  3. Information contributed by Martin Meek

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Flower photographs by Virginia Saunders, Columbia, SC. Please click flower for more info.


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