Rocks Plantation - Eutawville Orangeburg County South Carolina SC

Rocks Plantation – Eutawville – Orangeburg County

Rocks Plantation 1976 - Berkeley County, South Carolina
— Rocks Plantation © National Register of Historic Places, 1976 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)

Basic Information

  • Location – Santee River, Eutawville, St. John's Berkeley Parish, Orangeburg County

    Original plantation lands were located seven miles northeast of the Town of Eutawville off SC 6.

    The Rocks was originally in Berkeley County, but in 1908 the county lines were redrawn and the plantation became part of Orangeburg County.

  • Origin of name – Named for the large number of marl rocks located on the property

  • Other names – ?

  • Current status – Part of the property was lost when the area was flooded. The house no longer exists.

Timeline

  • 1732 – Earliest known date of existence

    Thomas Middleton was issued a grant for 500 acres (11, p. 125).

  • 1745 – Thomas Middleton died. In his will, Middleton stipulated the Rocks was to be sold after his death to pay for his debts (11, p. 126, 128).

  • 1794 – Peter Gaillard, Sr., known as Captain Peter, bought the property. Captain Gaillard was born on Wambaw Plantation (6, p. 14).

  • 1799 – Captain Peter Gaillard produced a very successful cotton crop. He averaged $340.00 per hand for his Santee long cotton (hybrid between Upland cotton and Sea Island cotton) (9, p. xxvii).

  • 1803-1805 – Peter Gaillard built a house on the property (4, p. 2).

  • 1816 – Captain Gaillard retired to Charleston (9, p. 111).

  • 1832 – Captain Peter Gaillard made his will. At this time, one of his sons (Samuel) had died so the plantation was to go to his daughter, Elizabeth.

  • 1843 – Captain Peter Gaillard died.

  • 1907 – Elizabeth (Samuel's daughter) and her husband, James Gaillard, Jr., sold the plantation to T.L. Connor.

    T.L. Connor later gave the plantation to his son, J. Rutledge Connor.

  • 1927 – Plumbing and electricity were added to the house.

  • 1942 – The house at the Rocks was moved 1.6 miles to escape the flood waters of the Santee Cooper Hydroelectric and Navigation Project. The rest of the property was inundated (4, p. 3).

    The house was established on a part of Belmont Plantation once the home of David Gaillard, a son of Captain Peter Gaillard.

  • 1976 – Part of the land that was not flooded was operated as Rocks Pond Campground (4, p. 3).

  • 1992 – The house was destroyed by a fire.

Land

  • Number of acres – 500 in 1732; 400 in 1745 (11, p. 125, 126).

  • Primary crop – Santee long cotton

Owners

  • Chronological list – Thomas Middleton (1732-1745); Captain Peter Gaillard (1794-1843); Elizabeth and James Gaillard (1843-1907); T.L. Connor (1907-?); J. Rutledge Connor, Jr. (?)

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – ?

Buildings

References & Resources

  1. Waterman Report of 1939 - transcription - includes history of region, architectural analyses of homes
    – Rocks Plantation: Gaillard Family: Click here
    – Rocks Plantation House photographs, drawing: Click here

  2. Mrs. A.P. Leise Palmer Gaillard, The Rocks, (August 11, 1942)

  3. Will of Captain Peter Gaillard - scroll down

  4. National Register of Historic Places
    Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1976. Removed from the National Register in March 2000 since house had been destroyed by fire.
    Photographs, architectural overview

  5. 30-15 Plantation File, held by the South Carolina Historical Society

  6. J. Russell Cross, Historic Ramblin's through Berkeley (Columbia, SC: R.L. Bryan Company, 1985)
     Order Historic Ramblin's through Berkeley

  7. Anne Sinkler Fishburne, Belvidere (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1949).

  8. Peter Gaillard Papers, 1811-1847. Located at the South Carolina Historical Society in File 1033.01.02

  9. Richard Porcher and Sarah Fick, The Story of Sea Island Cotton (Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 2005)

  10. SC Highway Historical Marker Guide - online database by the SC Department of Archives & History

  11. Beth Bland Engel, The Middleton Family (Press of the Jesup Sentinel, 1972)





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