Crawford Plantation Edisto Island Charleston County
— Crawford Plantation © Gazie Nagle, 2016 —
(Do Not Use Without Written Consent)
- Location Fishing Creek, Edisto Island, St. John's Colleton Parish, Charleston County
8202 Oyster Factory Road off SC 174 (1, p. 1)
- Origin of name Named after James Crawford, an early owner (2, VII: 6)
- Other names Crawford's
- Current status Privately owned (1, p. 1)
- ? Earliest known date of existence
James and Elizabeth Beckett acquired the property (1, p. 7).
- 1784 James Crawford obtained 110 acres from the Becketts (1, p. 7).
- 1802 James Crawford sold the property to Thomas Baynard (1, p. 7).
- ? Ephraim Mikell purchased the parcel from Thomas Baynard (1, p. 7).
- 1809 Ephraim Mikell died and willed the plantation to his son, also named Ephraim Mikell. The plantation was referred to as Crawford's in Mikell's will (1, p. 7).
- 1830s House built (1, p. 7)
The house was probably constructed for William Archibald and Hess Marion Waring Smith Mikell. Perhaps even before William's father, Ephraim, had legally willed the plantation to his son. The house is frame construction in the T-shaped plan (1, pp. 5, 7).
- 1838 Ephraim Mikell II left Crawford Plantation, and an adjoining parcel known as Davants, to his son William Archibald Mikell (1, p. 7).
- 1840 William Archibald Mikell died and his wife Hess inherited her husband's estate (1, p. 7).
- 1847 William James Whaley purchased the combined 490 acres of Crawford Plantation and Davants from Hess for "fifty-five dollars and an acre of high land" (1, p. 7).
- 1861 The Whaley family evacuated Edisto Island. Family tradition holds that after the Civil War, the Crawford Plantation house was occupied by two Freedmen's Bureau teachers (1, p. 8).
- Circa 1866 William James Whaley returned to the plantation and began to cultivate cotton using wage labor (1, p. 8).
- 1888 William James Whaley passed away and son William James Whaley Jr. inherited Crawford Plantation (1, p. 8).
- 1922 After the death of William James Whaley Jr., his widow and three sons moved to Charleston and the house at Crawford Plantation was left vacant (1, p. 8).
- 1945 The Whaley family sold the plantation to I.C. Tavell (1, p. 8).
- 1993 James A. and Susan B. Rice of New York were owners of record (1, p. 4).
- Number of acres 110 in 1784; 4 in 1993 (1, pp. 4, 7)
- Primary crop Sea island cotton
- Number of slaves 55 in 1840 (1, p. 7)
We are actively seeking information on the slaves who lived and worked at this plantation. If you find a resource that might help, please fill out this form. Thank you.
References & Resources
- National Register of Historic Places
Nomination Form - submitted in 1992 by Sarah Fick - requires Adobe Reader
Photographs, architectural overview
- Claude Henry Neuffer, editor, Names in South Carolina, Volume I through 30 (Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company)
Order Names in South Carolina, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965
Order Names in South Carolina, Index XIII-XVIII
- Richard Porcher and Sarah Fick, The Story of Sea Island Cotton (Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 2005)